This article describes a study designed to assess the feasibility of using recombinant adenovirus for delivering therapeutic peptides in vivo in the guinea pig middle ear cleft. A recombinant adenoviral vector AdCMVsp1 LacZ containing the Escherichia coli beta-galactosidase was injected into the middle ear space. Qualitative assessment of cell middle ear transfection was performed on day 2 by light microscopy study, after injecting a multiplicity of infection (MOI) ranging from 0 to 1000, At an MOI of 30, 30% of the promontory area epithelial cells were stained. An MOI of 50 stained 60% of the cells and an MOI of 100 or more stained more than 90% of the cells. The duration of cell transfection was studied after injecting an MOI of 50, The percentage of stained cells was 60% on day 2, 10% on day 7, and 0% on day 14, Middle ear mucosal inflammation, consisting of a granulocytic infiltrate, was observed when an MOI above 50 was used. Even at a high MOI (500), no staining could be found in the cochlea, in the facial nerve, in the brain, or in visceral organs. These data suggest that recombinant adenovirus vectors can be used to transfer genes in the middle ear. This method appears to be safe, and may be envisaged as a short-duration treatment to transfer genes in vivo in the treatment of middle ear diseases.
Adenovirus-mediated in vivo gene transfer in guinea pig middle ear mucosa
Mondain, M.; Restituito, S.; Vincenti, V.; Gardiner, Q.; Uziel, A.; Delabre, A.; Mathieu, M.; Bousquet, J.; Demoly, P.
Human Gene Therapy
1998-05-20 / vol 9 / pages 1217-1221
mouse; expression; in-vivo; cytokines; therapy; otitis-media; tympanic membrane perforation