Ku protein is a relatively abundant DNA-binding nuclear protein complex composed of two polypeptide subunits, p70 and p80. Ku has been recently identified as the regulatory component of the DNA-dependent protein kinase that phosphorylates RNA polymerase II. To further characterize in vivo regulation of Ku protein, we studied the expression of the transcripts coding for the Ku p70 and p80 subunits in different human cell lines and normal tissues by Northern blot hybridization, using specific cDNA probes. The expression level of both genes was approximately 10-fold higher in established cell lines than in normal tissues. However, mRNA expression levels in permanent cell lines correlated more strongly with their proliferative state than with their level of malignant transformation. In purified T lymphocytes induced to proliferate by the combined action of monoclonal antibodies directed against the CD2 and CD28 adhesion molecules, Ku p70 and p80 mRNA steady-state levels increased as soon as 6 h after activation and lasted at least 72 h. The human genes coding for the Ku p70 and p80 subunits were localized by cytogenetic mapping, using fluorescence in situ hybridization, to 22q13 and 2q33–>q35, respectively.
Chromosomal location and expression of the genes coding for Ku p70 and p80 in human cell lines and normal tissues
Cai, Q. Q.; Plet, A.; Imbert, J.; Lafage-Pochitaloff, M.; Cerdan, C.; Blanchard, J. M.
Cytogenet Cell Genet
1994 / vol 65 / pages 221-7
Humans; Blotting, Southern; Blotting, Northern; Cell Line; In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence; Lymphocyte Activation; Chromosome Mapping; Nuclear Proteins/*genetics; *Chromosomes, Human, Pair 22; *Antigens, Nuclear; *DNA Helicases; *Chromosomes, Human, Pair 2; DNA-Binding Proteins/*genetics; Reference Values; T-Lymphocytes/cytology/immunology