Cyclin A2 is a key player in the regulation of the cell cycle. Its degradation in mid-mitosis relies on the ubiquitin-proteasome system (UPS). Using high-resolution microscopic imaging, we find that cyclin A2 persists beyond metaphase. Indeed, we identify a novel cyclin-A2-containing compartment that forms dynamic foci. Forster (or fluorescence) resonance energy transfer (FRET) and fluorescence lifetime imaging microscopy (FLIM) analyses show that cyclin A2 ubiquitylation takes place predominantly in these foci before spreading throughout the cell. Moreover, inhibition of autophagy in proliferating cells induces the stabilisation of a subset of cyclin A2, whereas induction of autophagy accelerates the degradation of cyclin A2, thus showing that autophagy is a novel regulator of cyclin A2 degradation.
High-resolution live-cell imaging reveals novel cyclin A2 degradation foci involving autophagy
Loukil, A.; Zonca, M.; Rebouissou, C.; Baldin, V.; Coux, O.; Biard-Piechaczyk, M.; Blanchard, J. M.; Peter, M.
J Cell Sci
2014-05-15 / vol 127 / pages 2145-50
10.1242/jcs.139188 jcs.139188 [pii]
1477-9137 (Electronic) 0021-9533 (Linking)