The substituted benzo[c]quinolizinium compounds MPB-07 and MPB-91 are novel activators of the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) chloride channel. High homologies between CFTR and the sulfonylurea receptor (SUR), which associates with the potassium channel Kir6.2 to form the ATP-sensitive K+ (K-ATP) channel, prompted us to examine possible effects of these compounds on K-ATP channels using electrophysiological recordings and binding assays. Activity of recombinant K-ATP channels expressed in Xenopus oocytes was recorded in the inside-out configuration of the patch-clamp technique. Channels were practically unaffected by MPB-07 but were fully blocked by MPB-91 with half-inhibition achieved at similar to20 muM MPB-91. These effects were similar on channels formed by Kir6.2, and either the SUR I or SUR2A isoforms were independent of the presence of nucleotides. They were not influenced by SUR mutations known to interfere with its nucleotide-binding capacity. MPB-91, but not MPB-07, was able to displace binding of glibenclamide to HEK cells expressing recombinant SUR1/Kir6.2 channels. Glibenclamide binding to native channels from pancreatic MIN6 cells was also displaced by MPB-91. A Kir6.2 mutant able to form channels without SUR was also blocked by MPB-91, but not by MPB-07. These observations demonstrate that neither MPB-07 nor MPB-91 interact with SUR, in spite of its high homology with CFTR, and that MPB-91 blocks K-ATP channels by binding to the Kir6.2 subunit. Thus, caution should be exercised when planning to use MPB compounds in cystic fibrosis therapy, specially MPB-91 which could nonetheless find interesting applications as the precursor of a new class of K channel blockers. (C) 2003 Elsevier Science Inc. All rights reserved.
Inhibition of ATP-sensitive K+ channels by substituted benzo[c]quinolizinium CFTR activators
Prost, A. L.; Derand, R.; Gros, L.; Becq, F.; Vivaudou, M.
2003-08-01 / vol 66 / pages 425-430
specificity; subunit; abc transporter; affinity; atp-sensitive potassium channel; cffr; cystic-fibrosis; glibenclamide; kir6.2; openers; potassium channels; stoichiometry; sulfonylurea receptor