Because interleukin-10 (IL-10) is a potent differentiation factor of human B cells into mature plasma cells, we investigated its effect on human malignant plasma cells. IL-10 did not induce any differentiation and increase in Ig synthesis in four human IL-6-dependent malignant plasma cell lines. However, it stimulated the proliferation of two of four cytokine-dependent cell lines in the absence of IL-6 and IL-10-dependent myeloma cell lines have been obtained. The myeloma cell growth activity of IL-10 was unaffected by anti-IL-6 and anti-IL-6R antibodies. Similarly, IL-10 stimulated (P = .001) the proliferation of freshly-explanted myeloma cells in IL-6-deprived cultures of tumor samples from patients with active multiple myeloma (MM) and produced twice as many myeloma cells in these cultures. Again, this cytokine was unable to induce further differentiation (assessed by rate of Ig production) of fresh myeloma cells. A very sensitive enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA; 1 pg/mL) only rarely detected IL-10 in the sera of MM patients (3 of 89). On the contrary, serum IL-10 was detected in 60% of patients with plasma cell leukemia (12 of 20). These data show that IL-10 is an IL-6-unrelated growth factor for malignant plasmablastic cells. This cytokine could be involved in the late phase of MM in vivo.
Interleukin-10 is a proliferation factor but not a differentiation factor for human myeloma cells
Lu, Z. Y.; Zhang, X. G.; Rodriguez, C.; Wijdenes, J.; Gu, Z. J.; Morel-Fournier, B.; Harousseau, J. L.; Bataille, R.; Rossi, J. F.; Klein, B.
1995-05-01 / vol 85 / pages 2521-7
Humans; Polymerase Chain Reaction; Middle Aged; Recombinant Proteins/pharmacology; Receptors, Interleukin-6; Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay; Cell Division/drug effects; Cell Differentiation/drug effects; Interleukin-10/blood/*pharmacology; Interleukin-6/biosynthesis; Leukemia, Plasma Cell/blood/pathology; Multiple Myeloma/blood/*pathology; Myeloma Proteins/biosynthesis; Neoplasm Proteins/biosynthesis/blood; Plasma Cells/drug effects/metabolism; Receptors, Interleukin/antagonists & inhibitors/physiology; Tumor Cells, Cultured/drug effects