We took advantage of a mouse erythroid differentiation system to determine the relative contribution of transcriptional and translational control during this process. Comparison of expression data obtained with total cytoplasmic mRNAs or polysome-bound mRNAs (actively translated mRNAs) on Affymetrix high-density oligonucleotide microarrays revealed different characteristics of the two regulatory mechanisms. Indeed, mRNA expression from a vast majority of genes was affected, albeit most changes were relatively small and occurred at a low pace. Translational control, however, affected a smaller fraction of genes but was effective at earlier time-points. This analysis unravels six clusters of genes showing no significant variation in mRNA expression levels whereas they are submitted to translational regulation. Their involvement in terminal mouse erythropoiesis may prove to be highly relevant. Furthermore, the data from specific and functional categories of genes emphasize that translational control, not only reinforces the transcriptional effect, but allows the cell to increase the complexity in gene expression regulation patterns.
Massive translational repression of gene expression during mouse erythroid differentiation
Pradet-Balade, B.; Leberbauer, C.; Schweifer, N.; Boulme, F.
Biochim Biophys Acta
2010-09 / vol 1799 / pages 630-41
0006-3002 (Print) 0006-3002 (Linking)
Animals; Cell Differentiation/*genetics; Cells, Cultured; Mice; Gene Expression Profiling; Oligonucleotide Array Sequence Analysis; RNA, Messenger/genetics/metabolism; *Down-Regulation/genetics; *Erythropoiesis/genetics/physiology; *Gene Expression Regulation/physiology; Erythroid Cells/*metabolism; Polyribosomes/metabolism; Protein Biosynthesis/*genetics