The Mdm2 gene is overexpressed in several human tumors. The oncogenic potential of Mdm2 is partially explained by the inhibition of the activity of the tumor suppressor protein p53. Determination of the three-dimensional structure of complexes between Mdm2 and the N-terminal p53 peptide provided a molecular basis for the inhibition of the transcriptional function of p53 by Mdm2. More dramatically, p53 is targeted by Mdm2 for rapid degradation. The Mdm2 gene itself is activated by p53, which gives the opportunity for feed-back control of p53 activity. Keeping p53 under control is most likely the major task of Mdm2 during early development. Recently, evidence was provided for an alternative, p53-independent function of Mdm2.
Mdm2: keeping p53 under control
Piette, J.; Neel, H.; Marechal, V.
1997-08-28 / vol 15 / pages 1001-10
Humans; Animals; Amino Acid Sequence; Molecular Sequence Data; *Nuclear Proteins; Structure-Activity Relationship; Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic/drug effects; Neoplasm Proteins/chemistry/genetics/*physiology; Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-mdm2; Proto-Oncogene Proteins/chemistry/genetics/*physiology; Tumor Suppressor Protein p53/chemistry/genetics/*physiology