The contractile activity of striated muscle depends on myofibrils that are highly ordered macromolecular complexes. The protein components of myofibrils are well characterized, but it remains largely unclear how signaling at the molecular level within the sarcomere and the control of assembly are coordinated. We show that the Rho GTPase TC10 appears during differentiation of human primary skeletal myoblasts and it is active in differentiated myotubes. We identify obscurin, a sarcomere-associated protein, as a specific activator of TC10. Indeed, TC10 binds directly to obscurin via its predicted RhoGEF motif. Importantly, we demonstrate that obscurin is a specific activator of TC10 but not the Rho GTPases Rac and Cdc42. Finally, we show that inhibition of TC10 activity by expression of a dominant-negative mutant or its knockdown by expression of specific shRNA block myofibril assembly. Our findings reveal a novel signaling pathway in human skeletal muscle that involves obscurin and the Rho GTPase TC10 and implicate this pathway in new sarcomere formation.
TC10 controls human myofibril organization and is activated by the sarcomeric RhoGEF obscurin
Coisy-Quivy, M.; Touzet, O.; Bourret, A.; Hipskind, R. A.; Mercier, J.; Fort, P.; Philips, A.
Journal of Cell Science
2009-04-01 / vol 122 / pages 947-956
actin; differentiation; protein; cells; skeletal-muscle; kinase; rho gtpase; glut4; gtpase tc10; guanine-nucleotide-exchange; myofibrillogenesis; obscurin; titin