The bipartite repressor elements, termed cell cycle-dependent element (CDE)/cell cycle regulatory element (CCRE)-cell cycle homology region (CHR) control the growth-dependent transcription of the cyclin A, cdc25C, cdc2 genes. Here, we have identified a functional element displaying the signature of the CDE-CHR in the promoter of the mouse RB2 (p130) gene, encoding the retinoblastoma protein family (pRB)-related protein p130. This element locates close to the major transcription start site where it makes major groove contacts with proteins that can be detected in a cellular context using in vivo genomic footprinting techniques. Inactivation of either the CDE or CHR sequence strongly up-regulates the p130 promoter activity in exponentially growing cells, a situation where endogenous p130 gene expression is almost undetectable. Electrophoretic mobility shift assays suggest that two different protein complexes bind independently to the p130 CDE and CHR elements, and that the protein(s) bound to the CDE might be related to those bound on cyclin A and cdc2 promoters.
A CDE/CHR-like element mediates repression of transcription of the mouse RB2 (p130) gene
Fajas, L.; Le Cam, L.; Polanowska, J.; Fabbrizio, E.; Servant, N.; Philips, A.; Carnac, G.; Sardet, C.
2000-04-07 / vol 471 / pages 29-33
Humans; *Gene Expression Regulation; Animals; Mice; Molecular Sequence Data; Base Sequence; Transcription, Genetic; Mutation; Up-Regulation; Sequence Homology, Nucleic Acid; DNA-Binding Proteins/metabolism; Cloning, Molecular; *Promoter Regions (Genetics); Dna; *Proteins; Retinoblastoma-Like Protein p130; Genes, cdc; Phosphoproteins/*genetics