c-fos and c-jun proto-oncogenes have originally been found in mutated forms in murine and avian oncogenic retroviruses. They both define multigenic families of transcription factors. Both c-jun and c-fos proteins are metabolically unstable. In vivo and in vitro work by various groups suggests that multiple proteolytic machineries, including the lysosomes, the proteasome and the ubiquitous calpains, may participate in the destruction of c-fos and c-jun. The relative contribution of each pathway is far from being known and it cannot be excluded that it varies according to the cell context and/or the physiological conditions. It has been demonstrated that, in certain occurrences, the degradation of both c-fos and c-jun by the proteasome in vivo involves the ubiquitin pathway. However, the possibility that proteasomal degradation can also occur in a manner independent of the E1 enzyme of the ubiquitin cycle remains an open issue.
Complex mechanisms for c-fos and c-jun degradation
Jariel-Encontre, I.; Salvat, C.; Steff, A. M.; Pariat, M.; Acquaviva, C.; Furstoss, O.; Piechaczyk, M.
Mol Biol Rep
1997-03 / vol 24 / pages 51-6
Animals; Mice; Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-fos/*metabolism; Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-jun/*metabolism; Proteasome Endopeptidase Complex; Cysteine Endopeptidases/metabolism; Multienzyme Complexes/metabolism; Calpain/metabolism