Differential activation of the tyrosine kinases ZAP-70 and Syk after Fc gamma RI stimulation

Taylor, N.; Jahn, T.; Smith, S.; Lamkin, T.; Uribe, L.; Liu, Y. B.; Durden, D. L.; Weinberg, K.


1997-01-15 / vol 89 / pages 388-396


Engagement of the high-affinity IgG Fc receptor (Fc gamma RI) activates a signal transduction pathway involving tyrosine phosphorylation of associated kinases. We compared the activation of the related protein tyrosine kinases (PTKs), Syk and ZAP-70, in Fc gamma RI-mediated signaling. Cross-linking of the Fc gamma RI multimeric receptor in monocytic cells results in tyrosine phosphorylation of the Fc epsilon RI gamma subunit and association of Syk with this complex. We stably introduced ZAP-70 via a retroviral vector into two monocytic cell lines, U937 and THP-1. which normally do not express ZAP-70. Neither Syk nor MAP kinase activation was affected by the presence of ZAP-70. Although transduced ZAP-70 had in vitro kinase activity and associated with Fc epsilon RI gamma after receptor aggregation, it was not tyrosine phosphorylated. In contrast, both ZAP-TIG and Syk were phosphorylated in a T-cell line in which their respective levels of expression were similar to those detected in U937/ZAP-70 cells. Therefore, these results suggest that requirements for Syk and ZAP-70 phosphorylation are distinct in a monocytic cell context. (C) 1997 by The American Society of Hematology.



phosphorylation; antigen receptor; signal-transduction; cross-linking; association; high-affinity receptor; igg fc; map kinase; natural-killer-cells; p72(syk)

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