IL-22 is an IL-10 homologue that binds to and signals via the class II cytokine receptor (R) heterodimer IL-22RA1/CFR2-4 (IL-10R2), the latter chain being part of the IL-10R complex. Here, we report that, despite its structural similarity with IL-10, as well as its use of the common IL-10R2 chain, IL-22, in contrast to IL-10, is unable to induce Ig production by activated human B cells. Whereas culture of anti-CD40 mAb-stimulated splenic or tonsillar B cells in the presence of rIL-10 resulted in the production of IgG, IgG1, IgG3 and IgA, rIL-22, at concentrations ranging from 4 to 100 ng/ml, did not induce the production of any of these isotypes. Moreover, unlike rIL-10 which enhanced rIL-4-induced IgG4 and IgE production, rIL-22 was ineffective. Although activated B cells expressed transcripts for a soluble IL-22-binding protein (IL-22RA2), no mRNA for a transmembrane IL-22R (IL-22RA1) could be detected. The latter result was confirmed by the demonstration that rIL-22 failed to induce activation of STAT-3 and -5 in resting or activated B cells. Together, these data show that IL-22, in contrast to its homologue IL-10, is not involved in the immunological activity of B cells, which is due to the absence of a functional IL-22R at the surface of these cells.
IL-22, in contrast to IL-10, does not induce Ig production, due to absence of a functional IL-22 receptor on activated human B cells
Lecart, S.; Morel, F.; Noraz, N.; Pene, J.; Garcia, M.; Boniface, K.; Lecron, J. C.; Yssel, H.
2002-11 / vol 14 / pages 1351-1356
complex; identification; cloning; chain; antagonist; b cell; cytokine; elisa; human-lymphocytes; il-10; il-12; interferon-gamma; interleukin-10; signal transduction; western blotting