Neuronal apoptosis has a major role during development and aberrant apoptosis contributes to the pathology of certain neurological conditions. Studies with nerve growth factor (NGF)-dependent sympathetic neurons have provided important insights into the molecular mechanisms of neuronal apoptosis and the signalling pathways that regulate the cell death programme in neurons. The BH3-only protein Bim is a critical mediator of apoptosis in many cell types and in sympathetic neurons is required for NGF withdrawal-induced death. However, regulation of bim expression is complex and remains incompletely understood. We report that a conserved inverted CCAAT box (ICB) in the rat bim promoter is bound by the heterotrimeric transcription factor NF-Y. Interestingly, NF-Y is required for bim promoter activity and its induction following NGF withdrawal. We demonstrate that NF-Y activity is essential for endogenous Bim expression and contributes to NGF withdrawal-induced death. Furthermore, we find that the transcriptional coactivators CBP and p300 interact with NF-Y and FOXO3a and bind to this region of the bim promoter. The amount of CBP/p300 bound to bim increases after NGF deprivation and inhibition of CBP/p300 activity reduces bim induction. Our results indicate that NF-Y cooperates with FOXO3a to recruit CBP/p300 to the bim promoter to form a stable multi-protein/DNA complex that activates bim transcription after survival factor withdrawal.
NF-Y is essential for expression of the proapoptotic bim gene in sympathetic neurons
Hughes, R.; Kristiansen, M.; Lassot, I.; Desagher, S.; Mantovani, R.; Ham, J.
Cell Death Differ
2011-06 / vol 18 / pages 937-47
cdd2010166 [pii] 10.1038/cdd.2010.166
1476-5403 (Electronic) 1350-9047 (Linking)
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