Cyclin D1, the regulatory subunit for mid-G(1) cyclin-dependent kinases, controls the expression of numerous cell cycle genes. A cyclic AMP-responsive element (CRE), located upstream of the cyclin D1 mRNA start site, integrates mitogenic signals that target the CRE-binding factor CREB, which can recruit the transcriptional coactivator CREB-binding protein (CBP). We describe an alternative mechanism for CREB-driven cyclin D1 induction that involves the ubiquitous POU domain protein Oct-1. In the breast cancer cell line MCF-7, overexpression of Oct-1 or its POU domain strongly increases transcriptional activation of cyclin D1 and GAL4 reporter genes that is specifically dependent upon CREB but independent of Oct-1 DNA binding. Gel retardation and chromatin immunoprecipitation assays confirm that POU forms a complex with CREB bound to the cyclin D1 CRE. In solution, CREB interaction with POU requires the CREB Q2 domain and, notably, occurs with CREB that is not phosphorylated on Ser 133. Accordingly, Oct-1 also potently enhances transcriptional activation mediated by a Ser133Ala CREB mutant. Oct-1/CREB synergy is not diminished by the adenovirus E1A 12S protein, a repressor of CBP coactivator function. In contrast, E1A strongly represses CBP-enhanced transactivation by CREB phosphorylated on Ser 133. Our observation that Oct-1 potentiates CREB-dependent cyclin D1 transcriptional activity independently of Ser 133 phosphorylation and E1A-sensitive coactivator function offers a new paradigm for the regulation of cyclin D1 induction by proliferative signals.
Oct-1 potentiates CREB-driven cyclin D1 promoter activation via a phospho-CREB- and CREB binding protein-independent mechanism
Boulon, S.; Dantonel, J. C.; Binet, V.; Vie, A.; Blanchard, J. M.; Hipskind, R. A.; Philips, A.
Mol Cell Biol
2002-11 / vol 22 / pages 7769-79
Humans; Protein Binding; Transcription, Genetic; Recombinant Fusion Proteins/genetics/metabolism; Phosphoproteins/metabolism; Protein Structure, Tertiary; Nuclear Proteins/*metabolism; Transcription Factors/*metabolism; Tumor Cells, Cultured; Genes, Reporter; DNA-Binding Proteins/*metabolism; *Promoter Regions (Genetics); CREB-Binding Protein; Breast Neoplasms; Cyclic AMP Response Element-Binding Protein/*metabolism; Cyclin D1/*genetics/metabolism; Host Cell Factor C1; Octamer Transcription Factor-1; Trans-Activators/*metabolism