BACKGROUND: Numerous genetic and environmental risk factors play a role in human complex genetic disorders (CGD). However, their complex interplay remains to be modelled and explained in terms of disease mechanisms. METHODS AND FINDINGS: Crohn’s Disease (CD) was modeled as a modular network of patho-physiological functions, each summarizing multiple gene-gene and gene-environment interactions. The disease resulted from one or few specific combinations of module functional states. Network aging dynamics was able to reproduce age-specific CD incidence curves as well as their variations over the past century in Western countries. Within the model, we translated the odds ratios (OR) associated to at-risk alleles in terms of disease propensities of the functional modules. Finally, the model was successfully applied to other CGD including ulcerative colitis, ankylosing spondylitis, multiple sclerosis and schizophrenia. CONCLUSION: Modeling disease incidence may help to understand disease causative chains, to delineate the potential of personalized medicine, and to monitor epidemiological changes in CGD.
Network Modeling of Crohn’s Disease Incidence
Victor, J. M.; Debret, G.; Lesne, A.; Pascoe, L.; Carrivain, P.; Wainrib, G.; Hugot, J. P.
2016 / vol 11 / pages e0156138
1932-6203 (Electronic) 1932-6203 (Linking)
IGMM team(s) involved in this publication