TLR2 is a pattern recognition receptor that functions in association with TLR1 or TLR6 to mediate innate immune responses to a variety of conserved microbial products. In the present study, the ectodomain of TLR2 was extensively mutated, and the mutants were assessed for their ability to bind and to mediate cellular responses to triacylated lipopeptide Pam(3)CSK(4). This analysis provides evidence that the recently published crystal structure of the TLR2-TLR1-Pam(3)CSK(4) complex represents a functional signal-inducing complex. Furthermore, we report that extended H-bond networks on the surface of TLR2 are critical for signaling in response to Pam(3)CSK(4) and to other di- and tri-acylated TLR2-TLR6 and TLR2-TLR1 ligands. Based on this finding, we suggest a dynamic model for TLR2-mediated recognition of these ligands in which TLR2 fluctuates between a conformation that is more suitable for binding of the fatty acyl moieties of the ligands and a conformation that favors, via a specific orientation of the ligand head group, formation of a signal-inducing ternary complex.
A network of hydrogen bonds on the surface of TLR2 controls ligand positioning and cell signaling
Kajava, A. V.; Vasselon, T.
J Biol Chem
2010-02-26 / vol 285 / pages 6227-34
1083-351X (Electronic) 0021-9258 (Linking)
Humans; Protein Binding; Protein Conformation; Cell Line; Protein Multimerization; *Hydrogen Bonding; *Signal Transduction; Amidine-Lyases/metabolism; Ligands; Mixed Function Oxygenases/metabolism; Multiprotein Complexes/*chemistry; Protein-Tyrosine Kinases/metabolism; Proto-Oncogene Proteins/metabolism; Toll-Like Receptor 2/chemistry/*metabolism