A potential means to improve the efficacy of steric-blocking antisense oligonucleotides ( ON) is to increase their affinity for a target RNA. The grafting of cationic amino groups to the backbone of the ON is one way to achieve this, as it reduces the electrostatic repulsion between the ON and its target. We have examined the duplex stabilising effects of introducing cationic phosphoramidate internucleoside linkages into ON with a non-natural alpha-anomeric configuration. Cationic alpha-ON bound with high affinity to single-stranded DNA and RNA targets. Duplex stabilisation was proportional to the number of cationic modifications, with fully cationic ON having particularly high thermal stability. The average stabilisation was greatly increased at low ionic strength. The duplex formed between cationic alpha-ON and their RNA targets were not substrates for RNase H. The penalty in T-m inflicted by a single mismatch, however, was high; suggesting that they are well suited as sequence- specific, steric-blocking, antisense agents. Using a well-described target sequence in the internal ribosome entry site of the human hepatitis C virus, we have confirmed this potential in a cell-free translation assay as well as in a whole cell assay. Interestingly, no vectorisation was necessary for the cationic alpha-ON in cell culture.
Cationic phosphoramidate alpha-oligonucleotides efficiently target single-stranded DNA and RNA and inhibit hepatitis C virus IRES-mediated translation
Michel, T.; Martinand-Mari, C.; Debart, F.; Lebleu, B.; Robbins, I.; Vasseur, J. J.
Nucleic Acids Research
2003-09-15 / vol 31 / pages 5282-5290
binding; antisense oligonucleotides; oligodeoxynucleotides; hybridization; duplexes; linkages; nucleic-acid; phosphodiester; thermal-stability; thermodynamics