Both human T cell leukemia virus type I and simian Herpes-virus saimiri (HVS) transform human T cells in vitro. Although IL-2-independent growth in human T cell leukemia virus type I-transformed T cells is associated with constitutive phosphorylation of JAK/STAT kinases, we now demonstrate that different mechanisms may be responsible for the ability of HVS-transformed T cells to proliferate in the absence of exogenous cytokines. The IL-2 independence of an HVS-transformed cell line correlated with constitutive activation of protein tyrosine kinases known to be induced following TCR engagement. Thus, in these cells we observed increased phosphotransferase activity of Lck as well as constitutive tyrosine phosphorylation of the TCR-associated ZAP-70 kinase and expression of the related Syk protein tyrosine kinase. While Syk is generally not expressed in activated T cells, its introduction has been shown to enhance TCR responsiveness. These results suggest that distinct signal transduction cascades can participate in the transition of T cells to IL-2 independence.
Cutting edge: Constitutive activation of TCR signalling molecules in IL-2-independent Herpesvirus saimiri-transformed T cells
Noraz, N.; Saha, K.; Ottones, F.; Smith, S.; Taylor, N.
Journal of Immunology
1998-03-01 / vol 160 / pages 2042-2045
receptor; transduction; association; htlv-i; human lymphocytes-t; immortalization; interacts; leukemia; protein-tyrosine kinases; tip