The canonical form of the B cell antigen receptor is composed of membrane immunoglobulin sheathed by the alpha/beta heterodimer, Whereas membrane IgM cannot be transported to the cell surface in the absence of alpha/beta, both IgD and IgG2b can be expressed naked (i.e. without alpha/beta) on the surface of myeloma transfectants. In the case of one cell-line, such naked IgD has been shown to be inserted into the membrane by a glycosyl-phosphatidylinositol anchor. Here, however, we show that both IgD and IgG2b (but not IgM) can be expressed on the surface of myeloma transfectants without either sheath or anchor. This distinction between the isotypes is attributable to differences in the region of the transmembrane segment.
Membrane Immunoglobulin without Sheath or Anchor
Williams, G. T.; Dariavach, P.; Venkitaraman, A. R.; Gilmore, D. J.; Neuberger, M. S.
1993-11 / vol 30 / pages 1427-1432
expression; gene; 2 messenger-rnas; cell antigen receptor; forms; lfa-3; ox-45; proteins; superfamily; surface