Cytoplasmic degradation of c-fos protein is extremely rapid. Under certain conditions, it is a multi-step process initiated by calcium-dependent and ATP-independent proteases called calpains. PEST motifs are peptide regions rich in proline, glutamic acid/aspartic acid and serine/threonine residues, commonly assumed to constitute built-in signals for rapid recognition by intracellular proteases and particularly by calpains. Using a cell-free degradation assay and site-directed mutagenesis, we report here that the three PEST motifs of c-fos are not required for rapid cleavage by calpains. Testing the susceptibility of PEST motif-bearing and non-bearing transcription factors including GATA1, GATA3, Myo D, c-erbA, Tal-1 and Sry, demonstrates that PEST sequences are neither necessary nor sufficient for specifying degradation of other proteins by calpains. This conclusion is strengthened by the observation that certain proteins, reportedly known to be cleavable by calpains, are devoid of PEST motifs.
PEST motifs are not required for rapid calpain-mediated proteolysis of c-fos protein
Carillo, S.; Pariat, M.; Steff, A.; Jariel-Encontre, I.; Poulat, F.; Berta, P.; Piechaczyk, M.
1996-01-01 / vol 313 ( Pt 1) / pages 245-51
Humans; Molecular Sequence Data; Base Sequence; Transcription Factors/metabolism; Mutagenesis, Site-Directed; Sensitivity and Specificity; Calpain/*metabolism; Conserved Sequence; Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-fos/genetics/*metabolism; Lymphoma, B-Cell/metabolism; Lymphoma, T-Cell/metabolism