Whereas early cytokinesis events have been relatively well studied, little is known about its final stage, abscission. The Cdc14 phosphatase is involved in the regulation of multiple cell cycle events, and in all systems studied Cdc14 misexpression leads to cytokinesis defects. In this work, we have cloned two CDC14 cDNA from Xenopus, including a previously unreported CDC14B homologue. We use Xenopus and human cell lines and demonstrate that localization of Cdc14 proteins is independent of both cell-type and species specificity. Ectopically expressed XCdc14A is centrosomal in interphase and localizes to the midbody in cytokinesis. By using XCdc14A misregulation, we confirm its control over different cell cycle events and unravel new functions during abscission. XCdc14A regulates the G1/S and G2/M transitions. We show that Cdc25 is an in vitro substrate for XCdc14A and might be its target at the G2/M transition. Upregulated wild-type or phosphatase-dead XCdc14A arrest cells in a late stage of cytokinesis, connected by thin cytoplasmic bridges. It does not interfere with central spindle formation, nor with the relocalization of passenger protein and centralspindlin complexes to the midbody. We demonstrate that XCdc14A upregulation prevents targeting of exocyst and SNARE complexes to the midbody, both essential for abscission to occur.
Regulation of multiple cell cycle events by Cdc14 homologues in vertebrates
Krasinska, L.; de Bettignies, G.; Fisher, D.; Abrieu, A.; Fesquet, D.; Morin, N.
Exp Cell Res
2007-04-01 / vol 313 / pages 1225-39
S0014-4827(06)00524-6 [pii] 10.1016/j.yexcr.2006.12.022
0014-4827 (Print) 0014-4827 (Linking)
IGMM team(s) involved in this publication
Nuclear Control of Cell Proliferation
Humans; Animals; Cell Line; Hela Cells; *Gene Expression Regulation, Enzymologic; Cloning, Molecular; *Cell Cycle; Actins/physiology; cdc25 Phosphatases/metabolism; Cell Cycle Proteins/*genetics/*metabolism/physiology; Centrioles/*metabolism/physiology; Green Fluorescent Proteins/genetics/metabolism; Microtubules/physiology; SNARE Proteins/metabolism; Xenopus Proteins/genetics/*metabolism/physiology; Xenopus/*genetics/physiology