Members of the Rho/Rac/Cdc42Hs family of GTPases have been shown to participate in many aspects of the signaling of cell growth and differentiation. Although the biochemical properties of these GTPases have been extensively studied, very little is known about the structure of the corresponding genes. To gain insight on the evolution of the Rho family, we were interested in studying the genomic structure of several members. We report here the structure and the localization to 22q12 of the human Rac2 gene, as well as the localization to 17qter of Rac3, a new member closely related to Rac1 and Rac2. Unlike the structure of its closest relative ARH-G gene, which contains a single intron, Rac2 is made of at least 7 exons, spanning over 18 kb of DNA. Comparison of gene structure and exonic borders suggests that the emergence of the whole superfamily took place early during evolution. (C) 1997 Academic Press.
Structure and chromosomal assignment to 22q12 and 17qter of the ras-related Rac2 and Rac3 human genes
Courjal, F.; Chuchana, P.; Theillet, C.; Fort, P.
1997-09-01 / vol 44 / pages 242-246
activation; family; localization; hybridization; growth-factor; actin stress fibers; cdc42 gtpases; gtp-binding-protein; nadph oxidase; rho-protein