The Tipin/Tim1 complex plays an important role in the S-phase checkpoint and replication fork stability. However, the biochemical function of this complex is poorly understood. Using Xenopus laevis egg extract we show that Tipin is required for DNA replication in the presence of limiting amount of replication origins. Under these conditions the DNA replication defect correlates with decreased levels of DNA Pol alpha on chromatin. We identified And1, a Pol alpha chromatin-loading factor, as new Tipin-binding partner. We found that both Tipin and And1 promote stable binding of Pol alpha to chromatin and that this is required for DNA replication under unchallenged conditions. Strikingly, extracts lacking Tipin and And1 also show reduced sister chromatids cohesion. These data indicate that Tipin/Tim1/And1 form a complex that links stabilization of replication fork and establishment of sister chromatid cohesion. The EMBO Journal (2009) 28, 3681-3692. doi: 10.1038/emboj.2009.304; Published online 5 November 2009
Tipin/Tim1/And1 protein complex promotes Pol alpha chromatin binding and sister chromatid cohesion
Errico, A.; Cosentino, C.; Rivera, T.; Losada, A.; Schwob, E.; Hunt, T.; Costanzo, V.
2009-12-02 / vol 28 / pages 3681-3692
IGMM team(s) involved in this publication
DNA Replication, Genome Instability & Cell Identity
DNA replication; saccharomyces-cerevisiae; chromatid cohesion; chromosome cohesion; DNA-polymerase-alpha; dormant origins; excess mcm2-7; human-cells; origin recognition complex; replication forks; s-phase; tipin-tim complex; xenopus egg extracts; xenopus laevis