c-Fos proto-oncoprotein is highly unstable, which is crucial for rapid gene expression shut-off and control of its intrinsic oncogenic potential. It is massively degraded by the proteasome in vivo in various situations. Although there is evidence that c-Fos can be ubiquitinylated in vitro, the unambiguous demonstration that ubiquitinylation is necessary for recognition and subsequent hydrolysis by the proteasome in vivo is still lacking. Moreover, genetic analysis have also indicated that c-Fos can be addressed to the proteasome via different mechanisms depending on the conditions studied. c-Fos has been transduced by two murine osteosarcomatogenic retroviruses under mutated forms which are more stable and more oncogenic. The stabilization is not simply accounted for by simple deletion of a C-terminal c-Fos destabilizer but, rather, by a complex balance between opposing destabilizing and stabilizing mutations. Though mutations in viral Fos proteins confer full resistance to proteasomal degradation, stabilization is limited because mutations also entail sensitivity to (an) unidentified proteolytic system(s). This observation is consistent with the idea that Fos-expressing viruses have evolved gene expression controls that avoid high protein accumulation-linked apoptosis.
Evasion from proteasomal degradation by mutated Fos proteins expressed from FBJ-MSV and FBR-MSV osteosarcomatogenic retroviruses
Acquaviva, C.; Bossis, G.; Ferrara, P.; Brockly, F.; Jariel-Encontre, I.; Piechaczyk, M.
2002-09 / vol 64 / pages 957-61
Humans; Animals; Mutation; Multienzyme Complexes/*metabolism; Cysteine Endopeptidases/*metabolism; Proteasome Endopeptidase Complex; Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-fos/genetics/*metabolism; Cell Transformation, Viral; Osteosarcoma/metabolism/*virology; Retroviridae/*metabolism/physiology; Viral Proteins