Ku antigen is a heterodimer, comprised of 86- and 70-kDa subunits, which binds preferentially to free DNA ends. Ku is associated with a catalytic subunit of 450 kDa in the DNA-dependent protein kinase (DNA-PK), which plays a crucial role in DNA double-strand break (DSB) repair and V(D)J recombination of immunoglobulin and T-cell receptor genes. We now demonstrate that Ku86 (86-kDa subunit)-deficient Chinese hamster cell lines are hypersensitive to ICRF-193, a DNA topoisomerase II inhibitor that does not produce DSB in DNA. Mutant cells were blocked in G2 at drug doses which had no effect on wild-type cells. Moreover, bypass of this G2 block by caffeine revealed defective chromosome condensation in Ku86-deficient cells. The hypersensitivity of Ku86-deficient cells toward ICRF-193 was not due to impaired in vitro decatenation activity or altered levels of DNA topoisomerase IIalpha or -beta. Rather, wild-type sensitivity was restored by transfection of a Ku86 expression plasmid into mutant cells. In contrast to cells deficient in the Ku86 subunit of DNA-PK, cells deficient in the catalytic subunit of the enzyme neither accumulated in G2/M nor displayed defective chromosome condensation at lower doses of ICRF-193 compared to wild-type cells. Our data suggests a novel role for Ku antigen in the G2 and M phases of the cell cycle, a role that is not related to its role in DNA-PK-dependent DNA repair.
Hypersensitivity of Ku-deficient cells toward the DNA topoisomerase II inhibitor ICRF-193 suggests a novel role for Ku antigen during the G2 and M phases of the cell cycle
Munoz, P.; Zdzienicka, M. Z.; Blanchard, J. M.; Piette, J.
Mol Cell Biol
1998-10 / vol 18 / pages 5797-808
Humans; Animals; Enzyme Inhibitors/*pharmacology; DNA Damage; Transfection; Cricetinae; Mitosis; Cell Cycle/drug effects; CHO Cells; Nuclear Proteins/genetics/*physiology; *Antigens, Nuclear; *DNA Helicases; Cell Division/drug effects; DNA Topoisomerases, Type II/*antagonists & inhibitors/metabolism; DNA-Binding Proteins/genetics/*physiology; G2 Phase; Piperazines/*pharmacology