Glucose is a major source of energy for living organisms, and its transport in vertebrates is a universally conserved property. Of all cell lineages, human erythrocytes express the highest level of the Glut1 glucose transporter with more than 200,000 molecules per cell. However, we recently reported that erythrocyte Glut1 expression is a specific trait of vitamin C-deficient mammalian species, comprising only higher primates, guinea pigs, and fruit bats. Here, we show that in all other tested mammalian species, Glut1 was transiently expressed in erythrocytes during the neonatal period. Glut1 was up-regulated during the erythroblast stage of erythroid differentiation and was present on the vast majority of murine red blood cells (RBCs) at birth. Notably though, Glut1 was not induced in adult mice undergoing anemia-induced erythropoiesis, and under these conditions, the up-regulation of a distinct transporter, Glut4, was responsible for an increased glucose transport. Sp3 and Sp1 transcriptions factors have been proposed to regulate Glut1 transcription, and we find that the concomitant repression of Glut1 and induction of Glut4 was associated with a significantly augmented Sp3/Sp1 ratio. Glucose transporter expression patterns in mice and human erythrocytes are therefore distinct. In mice, there is a postnatal switch from Glut1 to Glut4, with Glut4 further up-regulated under anemic conditions.
The Glut1 and Glut4 glucose transporters are differentially expressed during perinatal and postnatal erythropoiesis
Montel-Hagen, A.; Blanc, L.; Boyer-Clavel, M.; Jacquet, C.; Vidal, M.; Sitbon, M.; Taylor, N.
2008-12-01 / vol 112 / pages 4729-38
10.1182/blood-2008-05-159269 blood-2008-05-159269 [pii]
1528-0020 (Electronic) 0006-4971 (Linking)
IGMM team(s) involved in this publication
Retroviruses, Envelopes and Metabolic Markers
Humans; Animals; Mice; Gene Expression Regulation, Developmental; Mice, Inbred C57BL; Animals, Newborn; Dogs; Rats; Cattle; Anemia/genetics/pathology; Erythrocytes/metabolism/pathology; Erythropoiesis/*genetics; Exosomes/metabolism; Glucose Transporter Type 1/*genetics/metabolism; Glucose Transporter Type 4/*genetics/metabolism; Protein Transport/physiology