Axonal transport is responsible for the movement of signals and cargo between nerve termini and cell bodies. Pathogens also exploit this pathway to enter and exit the central nervous system. In this study, we characterised the binding, endocytosis and axonal transport of an adenovirus (CAV-2) that preferentially infects neurons. Using biochemical, cell biology, genetic, ultrastructural and live-cell imaging approaches, we show that interaction with the neuronal membrane correlates with coxsackievirus and adenovirus receptor (CAR) surface expression, followed by endocytosis involving clathrin. In axons, long-range CAV-2 motility was bidirectional with a bias for retrograde transport in nonacidic Rab7-positive organelles. Unexpectedly, we found that CAR was associated with CAV-2 vesicles that also transported cargo as functionally distinct as tetanus toxin, neurotrophins, and their receptors. These results suggest that a single axonal transport carrier is capable of transporting functionally distinct cargoes that target different membrane compartments in the soma. We propose that CAV-2 transport is dictated by an innate trafficking of CAR, suggesting an unsuspected function for this adhesion protein during neuronal homeostasis.
CAR-associated vesicular transport of an adenovirus in motor neuron axons
Salinas, S.; Bilsland, L. G.; Henaff, D.; Weston, A. E.; Keriel, A.; Schiavo, G.; Kremer, E. J.
2009-05 / vol 5 / pages e1000442
IGMM team(s) involved in this publication
Eric J Kremer
Adenovirus: receptors, trafficking, immunogenicity & vectorology
Animals; Cells, Cultured; Mice; Mice, Inbred C57BL; Microscopy, Fluorescence; Rats; Transcription Factors/*metabolism; *Axonal Transport; Adenoviridae/*metabolism; Axons/*virology; Carbocyanines/metabolism; Clathrin-Coated Vesicles/ultrastructure/virology; Coated Pits, Cell-Membrane/ultrastructure/virology; Endocytosis; Endosomes/metabolism/virology; Fluorescent Dyes/metabolism; Ganglia, Spinal/metabolism/ultrastructure/virology; Hydrogen-Ion Concentration; Motor Neurons/metabolism/ultrastructure/*virology; Nerve Tissue Proteins/metabolism; Receptors, Cytoplasmic and Nuclear/*metabolism; Sciatic Nerve/metabolism; Vesicular Transport Proteins/metabolism